Nepal’s Amazing Ecosystem nurtures some of the most unique and rare species of Nature. The Terai region of Nepal which is a warm sub-tropical belt of the country is home to species like Royal Bengal tigers, rhinos, leopard’s wild elephants, sloth bears, monkeys, crocodiles, and many deer species to Plus it has about 250 species of exotic birds both migratory and native.
The Terai region hosts the two main national parks aka Royal Chitwan and Bardia in Nepal. Both the above wildlife parks were established as part of the green eco conservation Policy of the Govt of Nepal in order to safeguard the animals falling under the endangered species categories and to protect the habitat they are part of. The National Parks are the most sought after places in Asia to which gives one a complete jungle experience.
Most of the Govt authorised tour operators offer trips that is inclusive of things like jungle activities & accommodation facilities along with transportation to and from the parks.
The Chitwan National Park
The Chitwan National Park has six main jungle resorts spread across its vast radius. These quiet resorts are the ideal place to enjoy the true safari experience of the Terai.
There are many jungle activities that one can take up from going on Nature walks to Bird watching etc which are one of the many ways of being part of the wild Nature while staying in the jungle. The resorts have separate cottage accommodations with attached bath or If one wants to have the “Indiana Jones” experience then one can opt for the well-furnished luxury tent camps to stay in. Canoeing on the Rapti or Narayani rivers makes for an adventurous river tour allowing one to witness the many different bird species of Chitwan. And if lucky one may even get to be close with the shy freshwater Gangetic dolphins that inhabit the rivers.
Bardia National Park
Bardia National Park is comparatively smaller than Chitwan, & it too is home to many exotic animal & bird species and it happens to be a peaceful but a wild environment in of Terai region.
Bardia is also more remote and secluded when compared to Chitwan and that explains why the visitor count to this jungle is a bit less than those visiting Chitwan and so it has fewer resorts. All resorts are located towards the peripheral area of the park and the jungle offers many Nature treks and one can even go animal spotting by going on a jeep Safari or by taking up the famous “Elephant rides” of this Park.
The jungle is home to many endangered species including tigers, wild elephants, rhinoceros, swamp deer, blackbucks, gharial crocodiles, and marsh mugger crocodiles. Lastly here is a word of advice- it is preferred to travel by air to Barida rather than take up the 15 hours long road journey to reach Barida.
Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve
This park came up to be a wild life reserve in the year 1976, It is called Koshi Tappu Wildlife Reserve and occupies a whopping 175 square kilometres of wildlife sanctuary which has a few hectars of wetlands.Located on the Eastern side of Nepal, its entry point is from the Mahindra Highway.
The reserve is a habitat for wild species such as the water buffalo (called arna), deer, nilgai, mugger crocodile, Ganges River Dolphin (also called the Gangetic Dolphin), and over 280 species of birds. Apart from the wild life species, the Park also offers Environmental safety to a major part of the Sapta Koshi region, which happens to be an offshoot of the Ganges River flood plain.
Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve
Located on the extreme south-west of the Terai is the Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve. It is spread across a 305-sq km of forest cover. It is located at an altitude of 90-270 m.
The green vegetation covers a good 70 % of the forest and the rest is full of grassland. Out of this total landmass of grassland, Suklaphanta area is notably the largest stretch of grassland of Nepal, that covers an area of 54 sq. km. Many mammalian species have been surveyed like Schaaf & Bell and the place is also a famous habitat for the swamp deer(s). The reserve is the breeding ground for Nepal’s countless number of Bengal Floridians and the Hispanic hare.
Thus, the above Forest destination(s) is what defines “Wild Nepal” & one can hire an expert guide who can tell you the many things as regards the wildlife and vegetation that is distinct to the terai region of Nepal.